片語動詞: 動詞+副詞

當你渴望來個戶外活動,卻碰上雨下個不停,這時不妨唱首兒歌 Rain rain go away 來舒解苦惱。

我們稱 go away 為片語動詞,它是動詞 "go" 與副詞“away”所形成。 這片語動詞 go away 的意義可以由個別單字 go 和 away 猜出它是走開、離開的意思。

有些由「動詞+副詞」所形成的片語動詞,其意義與個別單字的動詞或副詞卻迥然不同。例如 give up:

Students should give up their seats to an elderly when they ride a bus.

"give up" 也是個片語動詞,它是動詞 give + 副詞 up 所形成。 這片語動詞 give up (放棄) 的意義與個別單字 give (給) 和 up (上)卻迥然不同。

片語動詞: "動詞+副詞" 的副詞經常也是個介系詞,如上例 up,有文法書稱之為介副詞 (Particles)。

某些由「動詞+副詞」所形成的片語動詞,當及物動詞使用,其受詞若是名詞,可以放在副詞之後,也可以放在動詞與副詞之間;受詞若是代名詞,則一定要放在動詞與副詞之間。

We don't need these chairs. You can take them away.

片語動詞 take away 的受詞”them“是代名詞,一定要放在動詞 take 與副詞 away 之間。不能說:

We don't need these chairs. You can take away them. (錯誤的句子)

"動詞+介系詞"的片語動詞一定要有受詞,這個受詞必須跟在介系詞後面。

The pain went away because I had _______.

(A) taken some medicine (B) drunk a lot of coffee (C) played video game the whole night

She ran _______ when she was 15.

(A) outside (B) away (C) out (D) off

片語動詞範例 — (動詞 + 副詞)
blow up 爆炸 back down 打退堂鼓
break in 非法闖入 break down 故障
call on 拜訪 carry out 執行
call off 取消 take off 脫下;起飛
come off 成功 fall through 失敗
fill up 加滿 give away 捐贈
grow up 長大 hang up 掛上
look up 查看 carry on 繼續
pass away 過逝 pay off 清償債務
point out 指出 put off 延期
turn on 打開 turn off 關掉
turn up 轉大聲 turn down 轉小聲; 拒絕
throw away 丟棄 wake up 醒來
wear out 穿破 write down 把...寫下

He has decided to carry on his father's business.

他已決定繼續他父親的事業。

She's terribly upset because her mother passed away last night.

她心亂如麻,因為她的母親昨晚去世

"pass away" - 去世, 也可以用 "pass on", 相同意思。
When I pass on, I won't care about the funeral.
當我過世,我不會在意葬禮。

I write down everything I need to remember, then I try to remember where I put the darn sheet of paper.

寫下一切我需要記住的東西,然後我試著回想那該死的紙張放到哪裡去了。

  • 他認為他是如此了不起。這就是為什麼他看不起我。
  • He thinks he's so fantastic. That's why he looks up on me.
  • He thinks he's so fantastic. That's why he looks down on me.

look down - "輕視"。

  • 我希望在未來幾周事情會開始好轉。
  • I hope things will start to look down in the coming weeks.
  • I hope things will start to look up in the coming weeks.

look up - "改善,好轉"

  • 朱迪和愛德華上週打了一架,然後他們分手了。
  • Judy and Edward had a fight last week and they broke down with each other.
  • Judy and Edward had a fight last week and they broke up with each other.

break up - "(婚姻或男女朋友)關係中止"。

  • 朱迪和愛德華上週打了一架,但是他們現在和解了。
  • Judy and Edward had a fight last week, but they've made off with each other now.
  • Judy and Edward had a fight last week, but they've made up with each other now.

make up - "和解,言歸於好"

  • 長大後你想做什麼?
  • What do you want to do when you grow on?
  • What do you want to do when you grow up?

gorw up - "長大成人"。

Grammar



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