名詞子句 (Noun Clauses)

名詞子句是指能扮演名詞角色的子句

名詞子句的功能: 作為句子主詞受詞 (直接受詞或間接受詞)、補語 (主詞補語受詞補語)、或同位語

名詞子句通常由某些特定的字起頭,如:連接詞 (that, if, whether),疑問詞 (when, where, which, who, why, what, how), 或關係代名詞 (which, who, whom, whose, that, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever)。

What the man did was not very polite.

這個人的作為不是很有禮貌的。

名詞子句 "What the man did" 本身含有 the man (主詞) 和 did (動詞)。
"What the man did" 作為句子的主詞,was 才是句子的主要動詞。

It is hard to tell if he is conscious.

很難判斷他是否有意識。

名詞子句 “if he is conscious" 作為句子主要動詞 tell 的受詞。

Please ask mom what we are having for dinner?.

請去問媽媽我們晚餐吃什麼。

名詞子句 "what we are having for dinner" 作為句子授與動詞 ask 的直接受詞

Christopher's excuse was that he had forgotten to set his alarm.

克里斯托弗的藉口是他忘記設鬧鐘。

名詞子句 "that he had forgotten to set his alarm" 作為句子的主詞補語

從屬連接詞 "that" 、"if" 、 "whether"所引導的名詞子句

名詞子句: that
if
whether
+ S + V

My assumption is that this is only the beginning.

我的臆斷是這僅僅是一個開端

名詞子句"that this is only the beginning"當作句子的主詞補語。

He said that he was sick.

他說他生病了。

名詞子句當作動詞said的受詞。這裡的 that 有時也可以省略。
He said he was sick.

Mom taught us that honesty is the best policy.

媽媽告誡過我們,誠實才是上策。

"S+V+O+O"的句型。名詞子句"that honesty is the best policy"作為直接受詞。

通常在直述句前面加上一個從屬連接詞 "that",表示「那句話、那件事」。

That she made a perfect score pleased her parents.

她拿到一個完美的分數讓她父母感到高興。

名詞子句"That she made a perfect score"當作句子的主詞。
若把"That"省略掉,"She made a perfect score pleased her parents." 則句子有兩個動詞 "made" 和 "pleased",文法上是不允許的。

The fact that she made a perfect score pleased her parents.

她拿到一個完美分數的這個事實讓她父母感到高興。

注意:"that she made a perfect score" 在這裡變成形容詞子句,修飾名詞"The fact"。本句與前一句意思是一樣的。

The question is whether he knows how to ring up a sale.

問題是他是否知道如何銷售。

名詞子句"whether he knows how to ring up a sale"作為句子的主詞補語。

I don't know if she has a boyfriend.

我不知道她是否有男朋友。

連接詞 if,『是否』的意思,等同 whether。名詞子句"if she has a boyfriend"作為動詞know的受詞。

I wonder if _______ from Japan.

(A) she is (B) is she

_______ you drive or fly is up to you.

(A) Whether (B) Whatever

動詞 + that-子句

底下這些動詞後面經常跟著that-子句作為受詞

acceptadmitagreeannounceassumebelieve
checkclaimcommentcomplainconfirmconsider
decidediscoverdoubtexpectexplainfeel
find (out)forgetguesshearhopeimagine
insistknowmeanmentionnoticepretend
promiseproverealisereckonremarkremember
repeatreplysayseeshowstate
suggestsupposethinkunderstand

I expect that he will be late.

我認為(預料)他會遲到。

I insist that they take some time off.

我堅持他們需要休息一陣子。

在非正式的口語中,that-子句中的 that 經常被省略。

I think (that) I've met you before.

我認為我之前見過你。

Imagine (that) you have been elected President. What would you do?

試想一下你被選上了總統。 你會怎麼做?

疑問詞所引導的名詞子句

名詞子句: when
what
where
which
who
why
how
(疑問詞) + S + V

I don't know how she does it.

我不知道她是怎麼做到的。

Jeff asked me where his wallet was.

傑夫問我他的錢包在哪裡。

Circle the name of the city in which you grew up.

把你成長的城市名稱圈起來。

There is emoji for when you don't really know what to say, but don't want to be rude by not responding.

使用表情符號是在你真的不知道該說些什麼,但不希望因不回應而產生不禮貌的行為。

I did wonder who he was, so I found out.

我的確想知道他是誰,因此我就去查明。

Why I went there is anyone's guess.

誰(包含我自己)都不知道我為什麼會去那裡。

I'm not going to tell everyone what I had for lunch.

我不會告訴大家我午飯吃什麼。

動詞 tell 有兩個受詞,"everyone"是間接受詞,而名詞子句"what I had for lunch"是直接受詞。

That is about where it ends.

這大約是它結束的地方。

名詞子句"where it ends"當作介系詞 about 的受詞。

I'm not going to tell you what _______ do.

(A) you should (B) should you

Mary asked me where _______

(A) was her credit card. (B) her credit card was.

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

我的父母主宰一切,且必須知道我所做的每一件事:我去哪裡,我和誰在一起,為什麼我要去。

My parents dictate, and have to know everything I do:   I go,   I’m with,   I’m going.

where who why

關係代名詞 "whoever", "whomever", "whatever", "whichever"所引導的名詞子句

Whoever has the most stars at the end of the game wins.

誰在比賽結束時擁有最多星星獲勝。

You're allowed to hate whomever you want, but you're not allowed to act on that hate.

你被允許恨你想要的任何人,但你不容許對那仇恨有所動作。

When his parents are not present, he does whatever he wants.

當他的父母不在場時,他做任何他想做的事情。

Whichever restaurant you pick is fine with me.

無論你挑選哪個餐館,我都可以。

名詞子句" Whichever restaurant you pick"當作句子的主詞。

  • 無論你決定什麼,我都可以。
  • Whoever you decide is fine with me.
  • Whatever you decide is fine with me.

名詞子句 "Whatever you decide" 當主詞使用。

值得一提的是名詞子句是一種從屬子句,因此它不能單獨存在。

whatever he wants.. (錯誤的句子,因為它不完整)

Whichever restaurant you pick. (錯誤的句子,因為它不完整)

請填入名詞子句適當的起頭字

  1. They are interested in  whatever  there is on television.
  2. You can tell  whomever  you want.
  3.  That  he will come is certain.
  4.  Whoever  is responsible for this mess needs to clean it up.
  5.  Whomever  you invite is fine with me.
  6. It matters little  whether  you go or stay.
  7. Can you tell  which  luggage is yours?

間接問句裡的附屬子句

  • 你知不知道她在哪裡?
  • Do you know where is she?
  • Do you know where she is?

這是由直接問句 "Where is she? (她在哪裡?)" 轉來的間接問句。
間接問句裡的附屬子句,如本例“where she is"是個名詞子句,它當作主要子句動詞"know"的受詞。附屬子句的主詞與動詞的位置要回歸到直述句或否定句(非疑問句)的順序:主詞在前,動詞在後。

Grammar



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