授與動詞

授與動詞需要兩個受詞間接受詞(通常是人)在前,直接受詞(通常是物)在後。 give 與 buy 是最常見的授與動詞。

主詞 + 授與動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞

He gave me a Kindle Fire.

他給了我一個 Kindle Fire。Kindle Fire 是 Amazon 開發的平板電腦。

me 是間接受詞; a Kindle Fire 是直接受詞。

Larry bought her a doll.

Larry 給她買了一個洋娃娃。

her 是間接受詞; a doll 是直接受詞。


名詞片語也可以當作直接受詞

Could you tell me where she is?

你能告訴我她在哪兒?

tell 也是授與動詞,me 是間接受詞;名詞片語 "where she is" 是直接受詞。

直接受詞若是放在間接受詞的前面,需要有介系詞 to 或 for 隔開兩個受詞,使用 to 或 for 依動詞而定。

主詞 + 授與動詞 + 直接受詞 + to
for
+ 間接受詞

He gave a Kindle Fire to me.

若把直接受詞 Kindle Fire 放在間接受詞 me 前面,須要有介系詞 to 隔開兩個受詞。

Larry bought a doll for her.

Larry 給她買了一個洋娃娃。

若把直接受詞 a doll 放在間接受詞 her 前面,須要有介系詞 for 隔開兩個受詞。

使用介系詞 to 的授與動詞

使用介系詞 to 的授與動詞:
allowbringcausegive
handleavelendoffer
owepasspaypromise
readsellsendshow
taketeachtellwrite

She handed me a ticket.
She handed a ticket to me.

她遞給我一張票。

I wrote my mother a letter.
I wrote a letter to my mother.

我寫給我的母親了一封信。

Her parents promised her a new iPhone if she passed her exams.
Her parents promised a new iPhone to her if she passed her exams.

她的父母答應她一個新的 iPhone,如果她通過考試。

使用介系詞 for 的授與動詞

使用介系詞 for 的授與動詞
buychoosecookfetch
findgetmakeorder
pickreservesave

Henry bought his mother an iPad for birthday present.
He bought her an iPad.

亨利買一個 iPad給他的母親當生日禮物。

授與動詞 bought 有兩個受詞: his mother 與 her 是間接受詞;an iPad 是直接受詞 。

He bought an iPad for his mother.
He bought an iPad for her.

直接受詞 "an iPad" 放在間接受詞 his mother 或 her 的前面,須要有介系詞 for 隔開兩個受詞。

Has she found herself a place to live yet?
Has she found a place for herself to live yet?

她為自己找到住的地方沒?

He cooked us a delicious meal.
He cooked a delicious meal for us.

他給我們做了一噸佳餚。


"find", "cook" 也可以拿來當授與動詞。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

授與動詞與相關的介系詞

  1. Such activities allow students   deepen their understanding of science concepts.
    這些活動讓學生們加深對科學概念的理解。
  2. If the item is out of stock, we will be glad to order one   you.
    如果產品缺貨,我們將很樂意訂購一個給你。
  3. Mrs. Chen cooked an enormous meal   us.
    陳太太煮為我們煮了一頓豐盛的飯。
  4. If you get there early, please reserve a seat   me.
    如果你先到那裡,請幫我預訂個座位。
  5. I owe ten dollars   my brother.
    我欠我弟弟十塊錢。
  6. I wrote a letter   my girlfriend.
    我寫了一封信給我的女朋友。
  7. Thanks for your help — it saved a lot of work   me .
    謝謝你的幫助 — 這省了我很多事。
  8. Many of Nancy's friends gathered to pay tribute   her.
    有很多南希的朋友齊聚一堂,向她致敬。
for for for for to to to to to


  • 他把所有的錢都給他的女兒。
  • He left all his money for his daughter.
  • He left all his money to his daughter.

授與動詞 left 有 "after death" 的意思,死後將…贈與;給(某人)留下(遺産)。

  • 工作這麼辛苦之後,你應該為自己好好放個長假。
  • After working so hard, you owe it for yourself to take a long vacation.
  • After working so hard, you owe it to yourself to take a long vacation.

"owe it to yourself" - 自己理應做,自己當之無愧。

  • 你能不能從另一個房間取我的外套給我,好嗎?
  • Could you fetch my jacket to me from the other room, please?
  • Could you fetch my jacket for me from the other room, please?

授與動詞 "fetch" - (去)拿來,取回;(去)請來。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1. Write   a letter.
  2. Write  .
me me to me to me

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

請填入適當的授與動詞:

  1. Could you   me the report?
  2. They   us shelter.
  3. I will   you some money.
  4. She have   us two airline tickets.
  5. I   you a bottle of wine.
  6. Could you   me my jacket?
booked brought fetch lend provided send

及物動詞 suggest 後面不能緊跟著間接受詞。

(1) I hope you will suggest me a good grammar book. (錯誤的句子)

我希望你可以建議我一本好的文法書。

(2) I hope you will suggest a good grammar book. (正確的句子)
(3) I hope you will suggest a good grammar book to me. (正確的句子)

動詞 suggest 這個字比較特別,習慣上它後面不能有間接受詞,如例句(1)是錯誤的。
拿掉間接受詞 me,如例句(2),或是利用『介系詞 to + 間接受詞』,把它擺到句子的後面,改寫如例句(3)才是正確的寫法。


類似 suggest 的動詞還有 explain, describe 後面不能緊跟著間接受詞。

No one can explain this theory to me.
No one can explain me this theory. (錯誤的句子)

Witnesses described the scene to police.
Witnesses described police the scene. (錯誤的句子)

五大句型中之句型五: S + V + O + O 的動詞是「授與動詞」。

Grammar



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