過去進行式 (Past Progressive Tense)

過去進行式是指過去某時刻正在發生或持續的動作。

過去進行式 = was
were
+ 現在分詞

What were you doing at nine o'clock last night?

你昨晚九點鐘在幹什麼?

I was riding my bike at nine o'clock last night.

昨晚九點鐘我正在騎我的自行車。

The children were staring at us with huge eyes.

孩子們張大了眼睛盯著我們。

過去進行式經常與另一過去時式的子句並用。

While I was eating dinner, the telephone rang.

當我正在吃晚飯時,電話鈴響了。

My boyfriend was waiting for me when I got off the plane.

當我下了飛機時,我的男朋友正在等我。

Andy was cooking dinner when I arrived.

當我到達時,安迪正在做飯。

I was watching TV when she called.

她打電話來時,我正在看電視。

What was he doing when the earthquake started?

地震剛開始的時候,他正在做什麼?

While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.

當我我們正在野餐的時候,天上開始下雨。

上面這些例子,讀者不難發現都有從屬連接詞 when 與 while 來連接兩個子句而形成複句。通常 when 描述過去發生的事,後面跟著過去時式, 而 while 強調過去的一段時間所發生的事,後面跟著過去進行式。

They _______ when you arrived.

(A) are studying (B) were studying

  • 當她打電話給我時,我正在彈鋼琴而沒有聽到。
  • When she called me, I am playing the piano and did not hear the phone.
  • When she called me, I was playing the piano and did not hear the phone.

動詞 'called' 是過去時式。過去某時刻正在發生的動作,用過去進行式。

過去進行式的被動語態

過去進行式
被動語態
= was
were
+ being + 過去分詞

過去進行式
主動語態 The waiter was taking my order when the lights went out.
被動語態 My order was being taken by the waiter when the lights went out.

  • 湯姆想成為一名科學家,當他還是個孩子的時候。
  • Tom was wanting to be a scientist when he was a child.
  • Tom wanted to be a scientist when he was a child.

動詞 want 當「想要」的意思時,不用進行時式。

過去進行式夾帶著 always 或 constantly 通常表示負面的意思。

過去進行式 = was
were
+ always
constantly
+ 現在分詞

Jeff was always coming to class late.

傑夫上課總是遲到。

She was always complaining; nothing satisfied her.

她總是在抱怨;沒有任何事可以滿足她。

He was constantly changing his mind.

他總是不斷地改變主意。

Grammar



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