副詞連接詞 (Adverbial Conjunctions)

副詞連接詞又稱連接副詞 (Conjunctive Adverbs)。基本上「副詞連接詞」還是個副詞,但其功能如同對等連接詞,把兩個獨立⼦句串聯起來,以「副詞連接詞」引領的⼦句,形同類副詞(Adverbial),用來修飾另一子句。

副詞連接詞是一種轉折詞,它代表從一個概念轉移到另一個概念,在兩個概念之間搭上一座橋樑,建立起連貫性,使語義的表達能更加順暢。正確使用轉折詞可以大幅提升您的寫作能力。

常見副詞連接詞
用途副詞連接詞(連接副詞)
附加also, in addition, moreover, furthermore, besides
對比however, nevertheless, still, rather, regardless
因果hence, therefore, accordingly, finally, consequently
表明時間lately, meanwhile, beforehand
總結論點in summary, all in all, in conclusion
排序事件first, next, finally
強調論述in fact, indeed, certainly, of course
澄清觀點namely, for example, for instance

Cigarettes cost money; furthermore, it's bad for you.

香煙要花錢; 而且,這對你有害。

Cigarettes cost money; moreover, it's bad for you.

香煙要花錢; 不僅如此,這還對你有害。

Cigarettes cost money; in addition, it's bad for you.

香煙要花錢; 除此之外,這還對你有害。


這裡有兩個概念:一個是香煙要花錢;另一個是香煙對你有害。他們都有負面的共通點,把這兩個概念用副詞連接詞 furthermore (此外,而且)、moreover (再者,不僅如此) 、in addition (除此之外) 串聯起來,建立起連貫性,使語義的表達能更加順暢。furthermore, moreover, in addition 意思幾乎相同,可以互相替換。

使用副詞連接詞時,通常以分號『;』和逗號『,』加諸於副詞連接詞前後,並置於兩個獨立子句之中。

獨立子句 ; 副詞連接詞 , 獨立子句

副詞連接詞並非連接詞,它不具備連接兩個子句的文法功能,所以要借助分號和逗號來連接兩個子句。

Linda wanted the job very much; however, she had no related work experience.

琳達非常想得到這份工作,然而她沒有相關的工作經驗。

這裡有兩個概念:一個是琳達非常想要這份工作;另一個她沒有相關的工作經驗。把這兩個對比的概念用副詞連接詞 however串聯起來,建立起連貫性,句子變得漂亮多了。

He is guilty; therefore, he should be punished.

他是有罪的,因此他應該受到懲罰。

兩個概念:他是有罪的;另一個是他應該受到懲罰。這兩個概念有因果關係,用副詞連接詞 therefore 串聯起來,建立起連貫性:有罪就該受罰。

He rarely seems to study; nevertheless, he always gets the highest score in the class.

他似乎很少唸書;儘管如此,他總是在班上拿最高分。

兩個對比的概念:他很少唸書;可是他卻拿最高分,用副詞連接詞 nevertheless 串聯起來,建立起連貫性,使語義的表達更加順暢。

Texting while driving is dangerous; _______, it is also illegal.

(A) otherwise (B) furthermore (C) similarly (D) however

Recycling is an easy way to conserve natural resources; _______, it can help reduce garbage disposal costs.

(A) however (B) similarly (C) furthermore (D) otherwise

I woke up very late this morning; _______, I wasn’t late to school.

(A) nevertheless (B) furthermore (C) otherwise (D) besides

Hurry up; _______, you will be late for the bus.

(A) nevertheless (B) otherwise (C) meanwhile (D) certainly

He didn’t take a bus to work today; _______, he drove his car.

(A) in addition (B) in summary (C) indeed (D) instead

I can think of many ways for you to help; _______, you can clean up this mess.

(A) lately (B) namely (C) certainly (D) finally

Grammar



建言 (Comments)

謝謝您對本網頁文法內容提供任何意見、批評或指教:

姓名:

電子郵件地址:

勾選『記得我』,它會保留您已填過的『姓名』與『電子郵件地址』,讓您在別的文法網頁留言時,不必重新登入。

注意:為避免機器人來搞鬼,請先勾選上面『我不是機器人』,再按『送出建言』。