不規則動詞 (Irregular Verbs)

不規則動詞指動詞的過去式與過去分詞的形成無規則可循,但我們還是可以歸納為下列幾種形態:

不規則動詞變化
型態原式過去式過去分詞
ABC三種動詞型態均不同taketooktaken
beginbeganbegun
fallfellfallen
lielaylain
arisearosearisen
blowblewblown
ABB過去式與過去分詞相同buyboughtbought
sendsentsent
makemademade
meetmetmet
sellsoldsold
AAA三種動詞型態均一樣putputput
betbetbet
bidbidbid
burstburstburst
hithithit
shutshutshut
cutcutcut
costcostcost
readreadread
spreadspreadspread
splitsplitsplit
setsetset
ABA原式與過去分詞相同runranrun
comecamecome
becomebecamebecome
overcomeovercameovercome
AAB原式與過去式相同beatbeatbeaten

The little boy was _______ by a truck on his way home and was badly hurt.

(A) hitten (B) hitting (C) hitted (D) hit

My son has grown bigger and _______ too heavy for me to carry on my back.

(A) become (B) became (C) becomes (D) becoming

容易混淆的動詞變化

原式過去式過去分詞現在分詞
lie (說謊)liedliedlying不及物動詞
lie (躺、座落於)laylainlying不及物動詞
lay (置放、下蛋)laidlaidlaying及物動詞

I am lying down.

我正躺下。

He is laying the book on the desk.

他正把書放到桌子上。

She is lying.

她正在說謊。

He lied yesterday

他昨天說謊。

I have lain in bed all day.

我整天躺在床上。

I have already laid the book on the desk.

我已經把書放到桌上去。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1. The little boy has   many times.
  2. I want to   on the bed.
  3. She yawned and then   down on the couch.
  4. He had   on the worn mattress many times.
  5. Don't trust her – she's  .
  6. With a sob he   his head on my shoulder and cried like a wearied child.
laid lain lay lie lied lying

當你對狗狗喊話,你會用下面哪一句?

Lie down, Max!

Lay down, Max!

_______ down, Max!

(A) Lay (B) Lie


容易混淆的動詞變化

原式過去式過去分詞
rise (上漲、上升; 起身)roserisen不及物動詞
raise (舉起、提高; 加薪;養育)raisedraised及物動詞

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

請選出適當的動詞置入空格內:

I   upon golden grains of sand. The softness   against my legs and the sun's rays   my body. I slowly   and stroll to a rough-edged gray rock.

lie rise rubs toast

  • 我母親一生中撫養了九個孩子。
  • My mother rose nine children during her lifetime.
  • My mother raised nine children during her lifetime.

raise, raised, raised - 養育。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

請選出適當的動詞置入空格內:

  1. The sun   later in the winter.
  2. He   his hand to ask a question.
  3. New buildings are   throughout the city.
  4. Students   money from the neighbors for a charity.
raised raises rises rising

請填入適當的字:

中文釋義 原式 過去式 過去分詞
變成 become became become
   bite  bit  bitten
   blow  blew  blown
 斷裂;中斷   break broke  broken 
 選擇;挑選   choose  chose  chosen
挖掘  dig  dug dug
 掉下   fall  fell  fallen
   fly flew  flown 
 去;走   go  went  gone
使疼痛 hurt  hurt  hurt

全民英檢初級字彙 — 不規則動詞

Break

您對"break"這個屬於國民中小學最基本1200字詞、高中英文參考詞彙第一級、全民英檢初級的字認識有多深?

大致而言,“break” 有動詞名詞兩種用法。動詞有「折斷」、「弄壞」、「闖入」、「中止」、「打破(紀錄)」等等不同的釋義;名詞有「斷裂」、「休息」的意思。

Break 的動詞變化
原式過去式過去分詞現在分詞
breakbrokebrokenbreaking

The vase fell to the floor and broke.

花瓶摔在地上並打破了。

動詞 "fell" 與 "broke" 都是過去式。

I think I've broken your watch.

我想我把你的手錶弄壞了。

“have broken” 助動詞 have 與過去分詞 broken 形成現在完成式

Eventually someone spoke, breaking the silence.

最終有人發言,打破了沉默。

分詞片語 "breaking the silence" 當副詞使用,修飾動詞 spoke。這是兩句“Eventually someone spoke.” 與 “Someone broke the silence.” 合成的分詞構句

  • 我的手表壞了,哪裡可以把它修好?
  • My watch is broke. Where can I get it repaired?
  • My watch is broken. Where can I get it repaired?

過去分詞 broken 當形容詞使用。

  • 我身無分文,什麼都買不起。
  • I am broken. I can’t afford anything now.
  • I am broke. I can’t afford anything now.

"I am broken" 我(的身軀)支離破碎(?),這裡用broken顯然是不對的。“broke”本身可以是個形容詞:破產的、一文不名的。 請勿把這裡的 broke 譯成折斷、損壞。

How could you understand the pain of my _______ heart?

(A) breaking (B) broke (C) break (D) broken

  • 女兒的決定讓我傷心欲絕。
  • I am heartbroke over my daughter's decision.
  • I am heartbroken over my daughter's decision.

“heartbroken”是由名詞“heartbreak”(心碎)演變來的形容詞。沒有heartbroke這個字。

Grammar



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