形容詞 + 介系詞 (Adjective + Preposition)

某些形容詞與後面的介系詞緊密結合,形成「慣用語」,幾乎可以當做一個字來看待。

形容詞 + 介系詞 (of)
afraid of(害怕)I'm afraid of snakes.
aware of(知道)Were you aware of the risks at the time?
capable of(能夠)Peter is capable of hard work.
fond of(喜歡)Arthur is fond of Diane.
frightened of(害怕)She is frightened of spiders.
jealous of(妒忌)She had always been very jealous of her sister's good looks.
proud of(驕傲)She is proud of her accomplishments.
scared of(害怕)I'm scared of telling her what really happened.
sure of(確定)I am sure of his innocence.
tired of(厭倦)I'm tired of the US spouting democracy for the world, yet ignoring Taiwan's democracy.

  • 有些小孩怕陌生人。
  • Some children are wary on strangers.
  • Some children are wary of strangers.

wary of - 謹防的;惟恐的


形容詞 + 介系詞 (from)
different from(不同於)In what ways is a news story different from a work of fiction?
derived from(從...獲得)A large portion of my income is derived from moonlighting.

形容詞 + 介系詞 (for)
famous for(著名的)Marie Curie is famous for her contribution to science.
ready for(準備)Are you ready for love?
sorry for(對不起)I am sorry for your loss.
suitable for(適合)Marry was totally suitable for the job.

  • 這位藝術家由於他的天才和獨具匠心而出名。
  • The artist is famous of his genius and great originality.
  • The artist is famous for his genius and great originality.

famous for - 著名的;出名的;有名的
請參考84年學科能力測驗第19題


形容詞 + 介系詞 (at)
angry at(對...生氣)Do you know why Joe is angry at himself?
excellent at (善於)Cindy has been doing excellent at this school.
good at(善於)Zack is really good at telling jokes.
hopeless at(對...绝望)I am hopeless at remembering names.

形容詞 + 介系詞 (in)
interested in(感興趣)Wesley is interested in dating Haylee.
rich in(含有很多)Pineapple juice is rich in vitamins A and B.
fluent in(流利的)She's fluent in French.

形容詞 + 介系詞 (on)
keen on(熱衷於)She is keen on playing tennis.
dependent on(依賴於)Are we too dependent on computers?

形容詞 + 介系詞 (to)
accustomed to(習慣)They are accustomed to living in much colder temperatures.
他們習慣於生活在非常寒冷的溫度。
married to(與...結婚)Kate is married to a French man.
nice to(對...好)Betty has always been very nice to me.
opposed to(反對)They were strongly opposed to the project.
similar to(類似)His writings are similar to those of a famous writer.

形容詞 + 介系詞 (about)
angry about(惱怒)Why are you so angry about it?
careless about(粗心約)Most users are careless about security when surfing the Internet.
enthusiastic about(熱中)Jeff doesn't seem very enthusiastic about the birthday party.
serious about(認真對待)Is she serious about going to live abroad?
worried about(擔心)They don't seem particularly worried about the situation.

  • 她對她今晚的生日晚會很興奮。
  • She is excited of her birthday party tonight.
  • She is excited about her birthday party tonight.

excited about - 對...是興奮的


形容詞 + 介系詞 (with)
bored with(厭煩)She was getting bored with doing the same thing day after day.
crowded with(擠滿了)The auditorium was crowded with people.
disappointed with(失望)She is disappointed with herself for not being ready for the tests.
familiar with(熟悉)I am familiar with his writing.
pleased with(高興)Robert is pleased with his progress at the company.
satisfied with(滿意)Are you satisfied with the new arrangement?

  • 我跟我先生結婚已經10年。
  • I have been married with my husband for 10 years.
  • I have been married to my husband for 10 years.

“married to” 與...結婚。另外一種比喻的用法:
Wendy seems to be married to her new job at the moment, so we hardly ever see her.
Wendy 此刻似乎嫁給了新工作,所以我們幾乎看不到她。

  • 在非洲,山猩猩是以竹子為其主要的飲食。
  • In Africa, the mountain gorilla depends with bamboo for most of its diet.
  • In Africa, the mountain gorilla depends on bamboo for most of its diet.

請記住: 形容詞 depend 習慣上接介系詞 on。

  • 最好的領導者善於做些激勵人們諸如鼓勵、讚揚和獎勵的事情。
  • The best leaders are good in motivating people with things like encouragement, praise and rewards.
  • The best leaders are good at motivating people with things like encouragement, praise and rewards.

good at - 善於。

請填入適當的介系詞:

  1. I was pleased  with  the present you gave me.
  2. He is committed  to  improving his English.
  3. Your writing is similar  to  mine.
  4. She is very excited  about  winning the first prize.
  5. I'm not ashamed  of  what I did.
  6. She is addicted  to  watching TV.
  7. South Africa is rich  in  natural resources like diamonds and gold.
  8. I am sick of Alex! He is always short  of  money!

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

  1. Why are you so angry   it?
  2. He is strongly opposed   the plan.
  3. I'm sorry   the noise last night.
  4. Are you interested   art?
  5. She has always been very nice   me.
  6. He is responsible   causing the damage.
  7. She is fond   having picnics.
  8. He was angry   his daughter for coming home late.
about about for in of to to with

Grammar



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