副詞子句 (Adverb Clauses)

副詞子句是以從屬連接詞所引導的從屬子句,當副詞使用,主要是來修飾主要子句的動詞、副詞、或形容詞,說明與時間 (when, after, since, until)、地方 (where)、目的 (so that, in order that, lest, in case)、條件 (if, as long as, unless)、原因 (because, as, so … that)、結果 (now that)、讓步 (whether, wherever, whenever) 、情態 (as, as if) 的關係。

I can't reach Andy because he has gone fishing.

我不能連絡上 Andy, 因為他釣魚去了。

副詞子句"because he has gone fishing"修飾主要子句"I can't reach Andy"的動詞 can't reach,表示原因。

When the phone rang, I was taking a shower.

當電話響時,我正在洗澡。

It has been ten years since we graduated from high school.

自從我們從高中畢業後,已經有十年了。

Where there is smoke, there is fire.

哪裡有煙,哪裡就有火。

Linda follows him around wherever he goes.

琳達跟著他不論他走到哪兒。

If you go, she will go too.

如果你去,她也會去。

I'll be there at eight, unless the bus is late.

我會在八點時到,除非巴士晚來。

You ought to do as the teacher tells you.

你應按照老師吩咐的去做。

Now that the military is in charge, many questions remain.

而今已在軍方掌管,許多問題仍然存在。

James studied hard so that he could pass the entrance examination.

James努力學習,以便他能夠通過入學考試。

He said it so sincerely that I could't bear to contradict him.

他如此真地說,我真不忍心反駁他。

主要子句是"He said it sincerely."。由從屬連接詞"so...that" - 「如此…以致於」,所構成的副詞子句"so...that I could't bear to contradict him",修飾主要子句中的副詞 sincerely ,表示因果。

Grammar



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