附加問句 (Tag Questions)

附加問句是由助動詞代名詞組成的一種很短的問句,(如: is he? isn't it?)附加在直述句後面,用來尋求對方的認同、確認或澄清事實。

若直述句是肯定,後面的附加問句要用否定形式,而且必須是縮短形(do not => don't; did not => didn't; is not => isn't;was not => wasn't 等等), 若直述句是否定,後面的附加問句要用肯定形式。

You're coming too, aren't you?

你也會來,不是嗎?

直述句是肯定,後面的附加問句要用否定形式。

You're not coming, are you?

你不會來,是嗎?

直述句是否定,後面的附加問句要用肯定形式。

注意:附加問句擺在直述句後面,一般寫法是直述句在先,然後逗號,小寫起頭的肯定或否定的助動詞,接著代名詞,最後以問號結尾。

直述句若含有 never, none, neither, nothing, nobody, hardly, barely, rarely 等等具有否定意思的字,附加問句要用肯定形式。

Nothing is wrong, is there?

沒有什麼是錯的,是(有)嗎?

Nothing 具有否定意思,附加問句要用肯定形式:"is there?"

Yes, something is wrong.
Yes, there’s something wrong.
No, nothing is wrong.
No, there’s nothing wrong.

回答時,上面任何句子都行。

  • 我們幾乎沒有做過什麼有趣的事,是嗎?
  • We hardly ever do anything interesting, don't we?
  • We hardly ever do anything interesting, do we?

hardly = almost not, "幾乎沒有"的意思, 具有否定意義,附加問句要用肯定形式。

  • 沒有人叫你去,是嗎?
  • Nobody told you to go, did it?
  • Nobody told you to go, did they?

直述句的主詞為 Nobody 時,附加問句的代名詞用 they。又因為 Nobody 具有否定意義,附加問句要用肯定形式。

附加問句的代名詞必須與前面直述句主詞在『身』與『數』一致。

直述句主詞附加問句代名詞
You you
He / 男性名字(如:John) he
She / 女性名字(如:Mary) she
It / This / That / Everything it
They / These / Those / Many they

Jason is American, isn't he?

Jason是美國人,不是嗎?

Jason 是男性名字,附加問句的代名詞用"he"。

This book belongs to Jason, doesn't it?

這本書是Jason的,不是嗎?

直述句主詞含有指示形容詞This,附加問句的代名詞用"it"。

請將正確答案拖放到適當的空格內,再按Solve鈕看結果。

請在下面附加問句中,填入適當的的代名詞:

  1. Everything is fine, isn't  ?
  2. Peter studied hard, didn't  ?
  3. That is your iPhone, isn't  ?
  4. Tina likes tea, doesn't  ?
  5. There is a girl in the room, isn't  ?
  6. Many came late, didn't  ?
he it it she there they

附加問句的助動詞必須配合前面直述句的動詞。

直述句動詞附加問句助動詞
Be 動詞 be 動詞
一般動詞 do / does / did
情態助動詞 情態助動詞
動詞片語 動詞片語的第一個助動詞

You are not happy, are you?

你不開心,是嗎?

直述句用Be動詞 are,附加問句用Be動詞 are。

You speak Japanese, don't you?

你說日語,不是嗎?

直述句用一般動詞speak,附加問句的助動詞用"don't"。

He admitted his mistake, didn't he?

他承認犯了錯誤。

直述句用一般動詞admitted,附加問句的助動詞用"did"。

You have a lovely kid, don't you?

你有一個可愛的孩子,不是嗎?

直述句動詞 have 當『有』詮釋時,是一般動詞, 附加問句取否定形式don't。

He will visit us next week, won't he?

他下週將來探望訪問,他不會嗎?

情態助動詞 will, 附加問句用 won't。

They can join our team too, can't they?

他們也能加入我們的團隊,他們不能嗎?

情態助動詞 can, 附加問句用 can't。

You have done your homework, haven't you?

你做完了你的功課,不是嗎?

直述句動詞片語"have done"的助動詞是have, 附加問句取否定形式haven't。

  • 她已經付過帳單了。
  • She has paid the bill, doesn't she?
  • She has paid the bill, hasn't she?

has 是助動詞,附加問句用hasn't。

  • 他午餐吃花生醬三明治,不是嗎?
  • He had peanut butter sandwich for lunch, hadn't he?
  • He had peanut butter sandwich for lunch, didn't he?

had 當『吃』詮釋時,是一般動詞,附加問句用didn't。

Grammar



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