語氣 (Mood)

語氣是動詞的一種形式,它是用來表示說話者的情緒或態度,英文裡的動詞有三種不同的語氣:

  1. 直述語氣 — 陳述事實、表達否定或提出詢問

  2. It is very cold today.

    陳述事實

    I cannot imagine what will happen next.

    表達否定

    How often do you play tennis?

    提出詢問

  3. 祈使語氣 — 表達請求、命令、忠告或禁止 (主詞You通常被省略)

  4. Please take a number.

    請求

    Alex, do your homework now.

    命令

    Be careful!

    忠告

    Don't talk so loud.

    禁止

  5. 假設語氣 — 表示命令、建議、祈望、或與現在事實相反的假設 (注意動詞使用的時態)

  6. She demanded that he tell her the whole truth.

    命令

    I suggest that she be here as soon as possible.

    建議

    I wish that he were here now.

    祈望

    If I were taller, I would have been a professional basketball player.

    假設

Grammar



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