文意選填

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文意選填 (101學年度學科能力測驗)
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Generally there are two ways to name typhoons: the number-based convention and the list-based convention. Following the number-based convention, typhoons are coded with   types of numbers such as a 4-digit or a 6-digit code. For example, the 14th typhoon in 2003 can be labeled either as Typhoon 0314 or Typhoon 200314. The   of this convention, however, is that a number is hard to remember. The list-based convention, on the other hand, is based on the list of typhoon names compiled in advance by a committee, and is more widely used.

At the very beginning, only   names were used because at that time typhoons were named after girlfriends or wives of the experts on the committee. In 1979, however, male names were also included because women protested against the original naming   for reasons of gender equality.

In Asia, Western names were used until 2000 when the committee decided to use Asian names to practice   Asians’ awareness of typhoons. The names were chosen from a name pool   of 140 names, 10 each from the 14 members of the committee. Each country has its unique naming preferences. Korea and Japan   animal names and China likes names of gods such as Longwang (dragon king) and Fengshen (god of the wind).

After the 140 names are all used in order, they will be  . But the names can be changed. If a member country suffers great damage from a certain typhoon, it can   that the name of the typhoon be deleted from the list at the annual committee meeting. For example, the names of Nabi by South Korea, and Longwang by China were   with other names in 2007. The deletion of both names was due to the severe damage caused by the typhoons bearing the names.

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