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閱讀本文將會幫助您了解下列單字:
harshly, hostage, legacy, nationalist, navy, renew, scholar, tense, terrifying, virtually

The End ofOne China

After a historic surprise meeting with the leader of Taiwan, Xi Jinping could go down in history for recognizing the island democracyor choose conflict instead.
By Andrew Browne
Nov. 13, 2015 12:01 p.m. ET

source: 華爾街曰報


When the leaders of China and Taiwan met last weekend for the first time since 1949, the unseen presences in the room were the ghosts of Mao Zedong, the Communist Party’s Great Helmsman, and his bitter rival, the gaunt Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. They had been adversaries in the Chinese civil war for more than two decades, before Mao’s victorious peasant revolutionaries took power in Beijing that year.

Chiang was driven into exile on Taiwan, taking with him his Chinese Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang. The enmity of Mao and Chiang endured across a Cold War frontierfor a time, their troops hurled shells and propaganda messages at each other across the narrow strait separating Taiwan from the mainlandbut they always shared a dream, born of their long struggle: “One China.”

The unification of China and Taiwan has been the sacred mission of every Communist leader since Mao, including the current president, Xi Jinping. And though the idea ofOne Chinatoday commands virtually no popular support on Taiwan, which prizes its fledgling democracy, it nevertheless clings to life as a legacy within the Kuomintang, the party of the country’s current president, Ma Ying-jeou.

Not for much longer, though. As the political heirs of China’s wartime foes reached out for a historic handshake in a five-star Singapore tourist hotel, both men surely understood thatOne Chinaas a common goal is now as good as dead.

Mr. Ma is a lame duck, nearing the end of two terms in office. His signature policy of economic opening to China has been spurned by angry young Taiwanese who stormed the legislature last year to block a trade bill. The Kuomintang is in disarray, and the likely victor in presidential elections in January, Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party, can’t bring herself to utter theOne China” mantra. Her party espouses independence, although she herself doesn’t go that far.


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WordCategoryDefinition
 China中級[名詞] 中國
 civil中級[形容詞] 市民的,國民的
 clings中高級cling(黏著;依附;墨守) 的第三人稱單數現在式
 communist中級[形容詞] 共產主義的; [名詞] 共產主義者
 decades中級decade(十;十年) 的複數
 economic中級[形容詞] 經濟上的;經濟學的
 endured中級endure(忍耐,忍受) 的過去式及過去分詞
 exile中高級[動詞] 流放;放逐; [名詞] 流放;流亡;被流放者
 foes中高級foe(敵人;反對者) 的複數
 frontier中高級[名詞] 邊境;邊疆;新領域
 heirs中高級heir(繼承人;嗣子) 的複數
 historic中級[形容詞] 歷史上著名的
 hurled中高級hurl(猛力投擲;發射;厲聲叫罵) 的過去式及過去分詞
 independence中級[名詞] 獨立;自主;自立
 instead中級[副詞] 反而,卻
 lame中高級[形容詞] 跛腳的;站不住腳的; [動詞] 使跛腳;使...變得無力
 last中級[形容詞] 最後的; [動詞] 持續; [副詞] 最後地; [名詞] 最後的人(或東西);最後;上回
 legacy中高級[名詞] 遺產;遺贈;留給後人的東西
 legislature中高級[名詞] 立法機關;(美國的)州議會
 long中級[形容詞] 長的; [動詞] 長久地;始終; 渴望; [副詞] 長久地;始終
 mainland中級[名詞] 大陸
 mission中級[名詞] 使節團;使命,任務
 nationalist中高級[形容詞] 民族主義(者)的;國家主義(者)的; [名詞] 民族主義者;國家主義者
 nevertheless中級[副詞] 仍然,不過,然而
 opening中級[形容詞] 開首的,開始的; open(打開) 的現在分詞; [名詞] 開始;開頭;(職位的)空缺
 peasant中級[名詞] 農夫
 political中級[形容詞] 政治的;政治上的
 presences中級presence(出席,在場) 的複數
 presidential中級[形容詞] 總統的;總統選舉的
 progressive中級[形容詞] 逐漸的; [名詞] 革新主義者
 propaganda中高級[名詞] 宣傳
 recognizing中級recognize(識別;認識;承認) 的現在分詞
 rival中級[形容詞] 競爭的; [動詞] 與...競爭;比得上; [名詞] 競爭者,對手,敵手
 sacred中高級[形容詞] 神的;神聖的
 shells中級shell(剝...的殼;砲轟;射擊) 的第三人稱單數現在式; shell(殼,果殼;貝殼) 的複數
 signature中級[名詞] 簽名,簽署
 strait中高級[名詞] 海峽
 surely中級sure(確定) 的衍生的副詞; [副詞] 確實,無疑,一定;當然
 tourist中級[名詞] 旅遊者,觀光者
 troops中級troop(群集,集合) 的第三人稱單數現在式; troop(軍隊,部隊) 的複數
 unification中高級[名詞] 統一;一致;聯合
 utter中高級[形容詞] 徹底的;十足的;絕對的; [動詞] 發出(聲音等);說;講
 victor中高級[名詞] 勝利者
 victorious中高級[形容詞] 勝利的
 virtually中高級virtual(實質上的;虛擬的) 的衍生的副詞; [副詞] 實際上;差不多
 wartime中高級[名詞] 戰時