國中英語基測出現過 water 的考題。

When we get wet, we need a towel to get ourselves dry. When a dog gets wet, all it needs is to shake its body. A study in 2010 showed that a wet dog can throw off half the water on its body by shaking for less than a second. In fact, this common act of dogs works better than a washing machine.

The study found that animal shaking begins with the head and ends with the tail. During a shake, the animal’s head, body and skin all move. Smaller animals must shake faster than bigger animals to get water off. For example, in one second, a rat can shake 18 times, a dog 6 times, and a bear 4 times. Bigger animals can get their bodies dry with fewer shakes.

For animals, shaking is not just about getting themselves dry. It is also about saving their lives. Being wet makes animals heavier, and that makes it harder to run. In the animal world, how fast an animal can run often decides whether it will live or not. Maybe that’s why the “wet-dog shakehas become a common habit of many animals.

skin 皮膚
1.
What does the reading say about shaking?
Animals that are not kept as pets do the shaking better than those that are.
Different animals’ shaking begins with different body parts.
Shaking themselves dry may help animals run faster in dangerous moments.
Shaking is a way that animals use to make other animals scared.
2.
What can we learn from the reading?
Larger animals get themselves drier at each shake than smaller animals.
The animal’s tail can help it run more quickly and easily.
The idea of washing machines came from the shaking of dogs.
Some animals shake more than they need to get water off.
3.
The four pictures below show how fast tigers, cats and mice can shake. From the reading, which picture is most likely correct?
likely 可能