國中英語基測出現過 piano 的考題。

You probably have heard Beethoven’s famous piano pieceFor Elise,” but do you know who “Elise” was?

One story is that Elise was Elisabeth Röckel. She once sang in Beethoven’s opera Fidelio, and the two became very good friends. Beethoven called her “Elise.” When Röckel was leaving the city of Vienna, Beethoven wroteFor Elise” to say goodbye to her. Another story is that Elise was Therese Malfatti. Beethoven was in love with her. He wrote a piece for her and putFor Therese” on the manuscript. Malfatti kept the manuscript and left it to her family when she died. Later, a man copied the manuscript and wroteFor Elise” by mistake. There is another possible Elise: Elise Barensfeld. She learned the piano from Malfatti, the same Malfatti in the second story. To help Malfatti, Beethoven wrote the piece for her to use to teach Barensfeld.

These are just some guesses about who Elise was. We may never know the right answer. No one knew about the piece until 1867, when the manuscript was found. This was 40 years after Beethoven’s death, so he wasn’t around to tell us who Elise was. Only one thing is for sure: “For Elise” will always be enjoyed.

opera 歌劇
manuscript 手稿
1.
What do the three stories in the reading all talk about?
Who playedFor Elise” the best.
Why Beethoven wroteFor Elise.”
HowFor Elise” became popular.
Who Beethoven’s true love was.
2.
What do we know aboutFor Elise” from the reading?
It first appeared in the opera Fidelio.
The manuscript is now kept by the city of Vienna.
The manuscript was found after Beethoven died.
The true “Elise” was Elise Barensfeld.
3.
What can we learn about the three women from the stories?
They were called “Elise” by their friends.
Therese Malfatti changedFor Elise” toFor Therese.”
Elise Barensfeld was Beethoven’s student.
Elisabeth Röckel was a close friend of Beethoven’s.